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Use Azure Data Factory with PostgreSQL gateway

Ingest data with your existing ETL tool into the Cognite Data Fusion (CDF) staging area, RAW, or into the CDF data model with the PostgreSQL gateway.


CDF supports ingestion using Microsoft's Azure Data Factory (ADF).

ETL data flow

This article shows how to create a simple data pipeline in ADF to copy data from a file in Azure blob storage and ingest it to CDF. Based on your data source and your data processing requirements you may need to create more advanced data pipelines in Azure Data Factory.

Before you start

  1. Make sure you have an Azure subscription and have created Azure resource groups.

  2. Make sure you have created an Azure storage account.

  3. Make sure you have the file containing the data to be ingested to CDF in Azure blob storage.

Step 1: Create a data factory

  1. Sign in to the Azure portal as an admin.

  2. If you have access to multiple tenants, use the Directory + subscription filter in the top menu to select the tenant in which you want to register a data factory.

  3. Search for and select Data Factory.

  4. Select Create to open the Data Factory page.

Create Azure Data Factory
  1. On the Basics tab:

    • Subscription: Select the Azure subscription in which you want to create the data factory.
    • Resource group: Create or select the Azure resource group you want to use.
    • Region: Select a location where your ADF metadata will be stored. This list only shows locations that ADF supports.
    • Name: Enter a globally unique name for the data factory.
    • Version: Select V2.
  2. Select Next: Git configuration and fill in the required fields or select Configure Git later.

  3. Select Review + Create > Create.

  4. After the creation is complete, open the data factory and select the Author & Monitor tile to start the Azure Data Factory application in a separate tab.

Step 2: Create an ADF pipeline and set the source system

Use the Copy data tool to create a pipeline that reads data from a file in your data storage and writes to CDF.

  1. On the Let's get started page, select the Create pipeline tile.

  2. Open Activities > Move and transform.

  3. Drag and drop the Copy data onto the canvas and enter a unique name in the Name field.

  4. Open the Source tab > New.

  5. Select the datastore that references the source system you're extracting from. In this example, we'll extract data from a .csv file in Azure Blob Storage.

  6. Select Continue.

Azure Copy data
  1. Create a new linked service that links your data store to the data factory.

    1. Enter a unique name for the service.
    2. Select your Azure subscription and storage account.
    3. Select Test connection to make sure you are connected to the selected storage account.
    4. Select Create.
    Azure Set source
  2. Under Set properties, set the file you want to read data from.

    1. Enter a unique name for the source data set.
    2. Browse to the file you want to use.
    3. Select First row as header to reuse the source file's header columns.
    4. Select OK.

Step 3: Set PostgreSQL gateway as sink

In this step, add the PostgreSQL gateway as the destination using a sink in ADF.

  1. Open Copy data > Sink tab.

  2. In the Sink dataset field, select New.

  3. Select or search for Azure Database for PostgreSQL.

  4. Select Continue.

  5. Select Open to open the sink data set.

Open linked service for sink
  1. On the Connection tab, add a linked service for the sink data set.

    1. Select New to add a linked service.

    2. Under Account selection method > Enter manually.

    3. In the Fully qualified domain name field, enter fdw.{cluster} where {cluster} is where your CDF instance is installed. If you don't know the cluster name, contact Cognite support.

    4. In the Port field, enter 5432, which is the default port for the PostgreSQL gateway.

    5. For Database name and User name, enter the username returned from the PostgreSQL gateway.

    6. In the Password field, enter the password returned from the PostgreSQL gateway.

    7. In the Encryption method field, select SSL. This ensures that the communication between ADF and CDF are encrypted.

    8. Optionally, select Validate server certificate.

    9. Select Test connection to make sure you are connected to the Azure database for PostgreSQL.

  2. Select Create.

Step 4: Set the destination database table

Back on the Connection tab, you need to select the destination table from the tables available in your PostgreSQL gateway database. You can choose between several resource types like assets, events, and data points.

  1. In the Table field, select the table matching the destination CDF RAW table or the CDF resource type public.<cdf_resource_type>, for instance, public.assets or public.time_series.
ADF public tables

Step 5: Map the source and destination tables

  1. Open the Mapping tab on your pipeline.

  2. Select Import schemas to import the table columns and remove the lines you won't use.

  3. Map the columns according to your requirements.

  4. Select Debug in the top bar to run the PostgreSQL gateway.

ADF mapping tables

Step 6: Report run status for data extractions

Monitor the data integration into CDF to quickly catch failed runs to start troubleshooting and notify data set owners and stakeholders. You can see an overview of all extraction pipelines' status on the Extraction pipelines page. To set up status reporting:

  1. Open Azure Data Factory.

  2. Navigate to the Copy data activity created for the extraction pipeline, select the plus (+) sign, and select Success.

    ADF setup of successfull status reporting
  3. Drag and drop an additional Copy data activity onto the canvas and link it to the Success activity.

  4. On the Source tab:

    • Enter a source data set, but note that no data is read from this data set. You can, for instance, enter the data set already used in the previous pipeline.

    • Create two additional columns named integration_status with content success and integration_external_id with the extraction pipeline's external ID as content.

      ADF additional columns
  5. On the Sink tab:

    1. In the Sink dataset field, select New and reuse the sink and linked service from the previous pipeline.

    2. In the Table field, browse and select the foreign table public.extraction_pipeline_runs.

    ADF table

    For a large dataset, set the Write method to Copy command.

  6. On the Mapping tab, create two mapping rows:

    • Row 1: Enter integration_external_ID as source and the externalId as destination.
    • Row 2: Enter integration_status as source and status as destination.
  7. Navigate back to the Copy data activity created for the pipeline, select the plus (+) sign, and select Failure.

  8. Drag and drop an additional Copy data activity onto the canvas and link to the Failure activity.

  9. Follow the steps above, but on the Source tab, enter failure as content for the integration_statuscolumn.

    ADF setup for status reporting


Invalid token

If you have a valid token but still get invalid token when you create a user in the PostgreSQL gateway, try these solutions:

  • The groups in Microsoft Entra ID (formerly Azure Active Directory) and CDF are correctly linked in Manage & Configure > Access management in CDF. See step 3 above.

  • The CDF group is set up with the Project:list and Group:list capabilities in Manage & Configure > Access management in CDF.